The Jones Foundation for Reproductive Medicine is a nonprofit organization dedicated to advancing scientific and medical research in the field of reproductive medicine. The Foundation strives to provide resources to the scientific community so that there may be intellectual, creative and well prepared scientific leaders in the global environment of the 21st century by:
- Fostering the development of innovative, high-quality research by new and established investigators in the field of reproductive medicine.
- Educating the general public, including physicians, administrators and legislators, about the issues of public policy topics that will assist the general public and others in making informed decisions regarding fertility treatment and reproductive medical issues.
- Serving as catalyst to scientific investigators by reviewing and selecting for an annual Award, one or more significant research projects that advanced the field of reproductive medicine.
Reproductive Health and Infertility
Reproductive health, as defined by the World Health Organization, is a state of physical, mental and social well-being in all matters relating to the reproductive system at all states of life. In the United States it is estimated that 10% – 15% of couples experience a significant challenge to their reproductive health. Infertility – the inability to conceive after a period of time, often considered 12 months or more – is thought to affect approximately 6.1 million individuals in the United States. While infertility may be caused by numerous factors, many cases of infertility are treatable.
The field of assisted reproductive technologies has expanded significantly over the past 30 years following groundbreaking success of in vitro fertilization in the l978. Treatments include ICSI (intracytoplasmic sperm injection), PGD (preimplanation genetic diagnosis), GIFT (gamete introfallopian transfer), donor egg programs and surrogacy.
All of these explosive technologies have provided infertile couples with alternative treatments and decisions. But, these treatments have also created issues far beyond the bounds of science, into the unexpected domains of law, philosophy and religion. In vitro fertilization began a new chapter in the biology of early human reproduction, and in the process launched medical professionals into the discussion of matters that were previously the domain of philosophers and moral theologians.
The Jones Foundation seeks to pioneer solutions to infertility and improve reproductive health by funding vital research and advancing public and professional discourse to shape the bioethics of reproductive medicine. The future of infertility treatment will be brighter as the result of scientists and physicians who are devoted not only to the application of assisted reproductive technologies, but to the development of new discoveries that will enhance the human condition.
History & Founders
Our founders, Drs. Howard and Georgeanna Jones, trained hundreds of physicians in assisted reproductive technology. Their academic and clinical instruction indirectly contributed to more than a quarter of a million IVF births in the United States, including over 3,800 babies born as a result of treatment at the Jones Institute.
In 1978 British doctors Robert Edwards and Patrick Steptoe succeeded in conceiving the world’s first IVF baby. On the very day Louise Brown was born in England, Drs. Howard and Georgeanna Jones moved to Norfolk. As the boxes were being moved into their new home a reporter from the local newspaper arrived to ask the Joneses if the in vitro fertilization procedure could be accomplished in Norfolk. They said it could.
With funds donated by a former patient, a team of young scientists was assembled, and utilizing the advances in hormonal stimulation developed by Dr. Georgeanna Jones they pioneered in vitro fertilization at Eastern Virginia Medical School (“EVMS”). In December l981, Judy Carr gave birth to a daughter, Elizabeth Carr, America’s first so-called test tube baby. The Joneses and their team of physicians continued to achieve success, and in l983 at a symposium sponsored by EVMS the Howard and Georgeanna Jones Institute for Reproductive Medicine was inaugurated. Elizabeth Carr’s birth in 1981 was an historic landmark in reproductive history, but just the beginning of the extraordinary and groundbreaking work at the Institute.
The field of assisted reproductive technologies expanded to include ISCI (intracytoplasmic sperm injection) PGD (preimplantation genetic diagnosis), GIFT (gamete intrafallopian transfer), donor egg programs and surrogacy. Technology exploded in the 1980’s and 90’s, and the Institute remained on the cutting edge, making impressive strides in translational medical research, and becoming one the leading scientific research centers in the world in reproductive medicine.
As in vitro fertilization evolved, so did the Howard and Georgeanna Jones Institute for Reproductive Medicine in Norfolk, Virginia, formally named for its founders in 1983. Two years later, to assist with financial and advisory support of the Institute’s endeavors, the Howard and Georgeanna Jones Foundation for Reproductive Medicine was created. While that Foundation is no longer exclusively affiliated with the Jones Institute, it continues to sponsor Institute research and educational projects. In 2009, the Foundation ceased to be exclusively dedicated to the Jones Institute, and expanded its mission so that its financial resources and leadership would be also available to deserving scientists and organizations throughout the United States.
Howard W. Jones, Jr., M.D.
Until his death at the age of 104 in 2015, Dr. Jones was Professor Emeritus of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Eastern Virginia Medical School, and Honorary Chairman of the Board of the Jones Foundation for Reproductive Medicine. He was also Professor Emeritus of the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine where he served as Professor of Gynecology and Obstetrics, acting Chairman of the Department, and Secretary General of the John Hopkins University Program for International Education.
Dr. Jones received his BA degree from Amherst College and his MD degree from Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. He had been awarded honorary degrees by the University of Cordoba, Old Dominion University, Amherst College, the University of Madrid, and Eastern Virginia Medical School. He was also the recipient of the Medal of the College of France and the Distinguished Service Award of the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and had been made an honorary member of over 20 foreign scientific societies, including the Fellowship ad eundem of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.
Drs. Howard Wilbur and Georgeanna Seegar Jones, moved to Norfolk in 1978 and accepted the challenge of creating an in vitro fertilization program at Eastern Virginia Medical School. The Joneses are responsible for the birth of the first IVF baby in the United States.
Dr. Jones held key positions in the development of ethical standards for reproductive technologies. He was a past Chairman of the American Fertility Society Ethics Committee on Reproductive Technology. Dr. Howard Jones and Dr. Georgeanna Jones were the only American gynecologists invited by the Vatican to participate on a panel to advise Pope John Paul II concerning assisted reproduction. Scientists from as far away as Europe, Africa, Australia, Asia, and South America traveled to Norfolk to learn from the Drs. Howard and Georgeanna Jones and their colleagues.
Dr. Georgeanna Jones
Until her death at the age of 92 in 2005, Dr. Jones was a Professor Emeritus of Obstetrics and Gynecology at both the Eastern Virginia Medical School and Johns Hopkins University Medical School, and was an Honorary Director of the Board of the Jones Foundation for Reproductive Medicine.
Dr. Jones received her BA from Goucher College in 1932 and her MD from the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in 1936. She completed her postgraduate training at Johns Hopkins as a house officer in gynecology and as a National Cancer Institute trainee. She also performed laboratory research in endocrinology for the medical school’s department of surgery.
After her training, she was named Director of Johns Hopkins’ Laboratory of Reproductive Physiology and gynecologist-in-charge of the hospital’s gynecological endocrine clinic. She remained in these positions until moving to Norfolk in 1978.
Dr. Jones was a member of numerous local, state, national, and international medical societies. She served as President of the American Fertility Society in 1970. Her honorary degrees include those from Goucher College, Old Dominion University, Amherst College, and Eastern Virginia Medical School. She achieved numerous honors including the 1966 Rubin Award, the 1971 Barren Foundation Award, Virginia Woman of the Year in 1982, the Medical College of Pennsylvania’s Woman Scientist of the Year in 1985, Society of Hopkins Scholars in 1986, and the Cosmopolitan Club of Norfolk Distinguished Service Award Medal in 1988.
Dr. Jones wrote several textbooks and more than 350 infertility research papers.
Dr. Mason C. Andrews
A native of Norfolk, Dr. Andrews graduated from Princeton University and later Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, where he received his medical and obstetrics and gynecology training. He returned to Norfolk and established an active obstetrics and gynecology practice. In the early sixties, he worked to establish the Eastern Virginia Medical School and served as the first Chairman of the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department from 1974 until 1990.
Dr. Andrews was an active civic leader. He served on the Norfolk City Council from 1974 until 2000 and as Mayor from 1992 until 1994. His civic contributions were numerous and included the revitalization of the city’s waterfront, the founding of the medical school and development of the downtown Norfolk campus of Tidewater Community College. He was named “First Citizen of Norfolk” in 1968 and served as President of the American Gynecological and Obstetrical Society in 1994.
- IVF Comes to Norfolk September 2010 (PDF)
- A Brief History of In Vitro Fertilization, a video lecture by Howard W. Jones, Jr., M.D.April 2008 (video and powerpoint presentation)
- Medical Icon: One-On-One with Dr. Howard Jones, an interview on What Matters with Cathy Lewis, October 2010 October 2010 (video)
- The American Society for Reproductive Medicine Honors Dr. Howard Jones, Jr. Upon His Centennial Birthday October 2010 (article and video)
- One-On-One with Howard Jones, MD: IVF Past and Present in the Light of the Noble Prize October 2010 (transcript and video)
- Howard Jones 100th Birthday at the Jones Institute September 2010 (video)
- An American Experience “Test Tube Babies” (video)
Board of Directors
Robert W. Jones, CHAIRMAN - New York, NY
Mary F. Davies, PRESIDENT - Virginia Beach, VA
Gregory N. Stillman, VICE CHAIRMAN - Virginia Beach, VA
Robert J. Kheel, TREASURER - New York, NY
Georgeanna J. Klingensmith, MD, SECRETARY - Cherry Hills Village, CO
Ari Babaknia, MD – Newport Beach, CA
David H. Brockway – Washington, DC
Susan L. Crockin – Washington, DC
Sally Foreman-Reed – Greenwich, CT
Edythe C. Harrison – Boca Raton, FL
Howard W. Jones, III, MD – Nashville, TN
Lawrence M. Jones – Denver, CO
James P. Toner, MD, PhD – Atlanta, GA
Thomas L. Toth, MD – Boston, MA
Eli Y. Adashi, MD
Clifton D. Louis
Themis Mantzavinos, MD
Lee Rubin Collins
YOUNG PROFESSIONAL BOARD
Chairman: Elizabeth Carr, Boston, MA
Ben Baucom, Charlotte, NC
Grace Blackwell, Crownsville, MD
Peyton Congiu, Rowayton, CT
Kelly Davies, Virginia Beach, VA
Paige Davies, Arlington, VA
David Kheel, Las Vegas, NV
Samantha Koslow, Brooklyn, NY
Randolph Manderstam, Los Angeles, CA
Rupert Manderstam, London, England
Ashley Signorino, Reston, VA
Heather Smith, Virginia Beach, VA
Alissa Leone Yost, Natick, MA
Medical Executive Committee
CHARIMAN: Eli Y. Adashi, MD, MS, CPE, FACOG – Professor of Medical Science, Brown University, Providence, RI
Dr. Adashi received his medical degree in 1973 from the Sackler School of Medicine, completed residency training in Obstetrics and Gynecology at Tufts University (1974-77), and pursued fellowship training in the subspecialty of Reproductive Endocrinology and postdoctoral training in reproductive biology at Johns Hopkins University and at the University of California at San Diego, respectively (1977-81). Faculty positions were held at the University of Maryland (1981-1996), the University of Utah (1996-2004), and Brown University (2004-present). Prior to joining Brown University, Dr. Adashi served as the John A. Dixon Endowed Presidential Professor and Chair of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the University of Utah Health Sciences Center (1996-2004) and the founder and leader of the Ovarian Cancer Program of the Huntsman Cancer Research Institute (1999-2004).
Dr. Adashi has been the recipient of continuous National Institute of Health (NIH) funding from 1985 to 2005 inclusive of a Research Career Development Award. Mentor to over 50 postdoctoral trainees, and the author or co-author of over 350 peer-reviewed publications and over 120 book chapters/reviews, Dr. Adashi co-edited or edited 15 books in the general area of reproductive medicine with special emphasis on ovarian biology. Dr. Adashi ‘s work has also seen press with the New York Times, the Washington Post, the Boston Globe, the Huffington Post and several other media venues.
NIH service included but was not limited to membership with the National Council of the National Institute of Child health and Human Development (NICHD)(1997-2001), the Reproductive Endocrinology Study Section (1988-1992), and the Selection Committee of the Reproductive Scientist Development Program (RSDP)(1988-2005). Dr. Adashi is the former Editor-In-Chief of Seminars in Reproductive Medicine and the former Associate Editor of Endocrinology, Journal of the Society for Gynecologic Investigation, Reproductive Medicine Review, Seminars in Reproductive Endocrinology, Reproductive Medicine Review, and Reviews in Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders.
A former Franklin fellow and Senior Advisor on Global Women’s Health to the Secretary of State Office of Global Women’s Issues (1st term of the Obama Administration), Dr. Adashi is a member of the Advisory Council of The Hastings Center, Board of Governors of Tel Aviv University, and chair of the Medical Executive Committee and the Medical Advisory Council of the Jones Foundation for Reproductive Medicine. Dr. Adashi is a former member of the Board of Directors of Physicians for Human Rights, the Council on Foreign Relations, the Global Agenda Council on Population Growth of the World Economic Forum, and the Medicare Evidence Development & Coverage Advisory Committee (MEDCAC) of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS). In addition, Dr. Adashi is a former advisor to the National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA), the WHO, the World Bank, the Rockefeller Foundation, and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. A former Examiner and Director of the Division of Reproductive Endocrinology of the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ABOG), Dr. Adashi has served as President of the Society for Reproductive Endocrinologists (SRE), the Society for Gynecologic Investigation (SGI), and the American Gynecological and Obstetrical Society (AGOS).
Elected to the NAM in 1999, Dr. Adashi has served as a member of the committees on Antiprogestins: Assessing the Science (1993), Understanding Premature Birth and Assuring Health Outcomes (2005-2006), Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research (2006-2009), and on Women’s Health Research (2008-2012). In addition, Dr. Adashi served as co-chair of the Committee on Reducing Childbirth Mortality in Indonesia (2012-2013). Finally, Dr. Adashi has served both as a reviewer and a review coordinator for multiple IOM reports and as chair of the Maternal & Child Health and Human Development (IG-07) interest group (2009-2011). Dr. Adashi also served twice as a member of the Board on Health Sciences Policy.
As a tenured Professor of Medical Science at Brown University, Dr. Adashi is a member of the Brown Center for Prisoner Health and Human Rights and co-directs the Healthcare in America course (a highly subscribed medical school elective) and the Healthcare Policy Concentration (a medical school elective for students with special interest in Healthcare Policy).
Mark D. Hornstein, MD, FACOG
Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Harvard Medical School
Director of the Reproductive Endocrinology Division and the Center for Reproductive Medicine at the Brigham and Women’s Hospital.
Pasquale Patrizio, MD, MBE, FACOG
Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine
Director of the Yale Fertility Center
New Haven, CT
James P. Toner, MD, PhD
Atlanta Center for Reproductive Medicine
Thomas L. Toth, MD
Boston IVF and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Associate Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Harvard Medical School
Medical Advisory Council
CHARIMAN: Eli Y. Adashi, MD, MS, CPE, FACOG
Professor of Medical Science
Todd D. Deutch, M.D.
Director, Advanced Reproductive Center, Rockford, IL
Daniel R. Grow, M.D.
Chairman, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Baystate Medical Center
Professor, Tufts University School of Medicine, Springfield, MA
Glen E. Hofmann, M.D., Ph.D.
Director, Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, TriHealth Hospitals
Clinical Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wright State University
Medical Director, Bethesda Center for Reproductive Health and Fertility, Cincinnati, OH
Vishvanath C. Karande, M.D.
President, Medical Director, Director IVF Program, InVia Fertility Specialists, Hoffman Estates, IL
Suheil J. Muasher, M.D.
Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Duke University School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC
Sergio C. Oehninger, MD, PhD
Director, Division of Reproductive Endocrinology & Infertility
Professor, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Urology
Jones Institute for Reproductive Medicine, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, VA
John Thomas Queenan, Jr., M.D.
Professor, University of Rochester Medical Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Director, In Vitro Fertilization, Donor Egg Program, Andrology, Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis, Rochester, NY
John A. Schnorr, M.D.
Founding Partner, Coastal Fertility Specialists, Mount Pleasant, SC
Division Director, Division of Reproductive Endocrinology, Dept. OB/GYN, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC
Richard T. Scott, Jr., M.D., HCLD
Clinical and Scientific Director, Reproductive Medicine Associates of New Jersey, Basking Ridge, New Jersey
Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey
James Toner, M.D., Ph.D.
Atlanta Center for Reproductive Medicine, Atlanta, GA
Thomas L. Toth, M.D.
Associate Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, Harvard Medical School, Director, Vincent In Vitro Fertilization
Director, Reproductive Endocrinology/Infertility Fellowship Training Program, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA
Kevin L. Winslow, M.D.
Medical Director, Florida Institute for Reproductive Medicine, Jacksonville, FL